Timber Wolf, Lake Superior, Ontario

A lone timber wolf greets
paddlers along the north shore
of Lake Superior, Canada
(Photo by Michael Neiger)

The Rucksack Masthead
By Michael A. Neiger (aka: LandNavMan), Marquette, Michigan
Wilderness tripper: backpacking, winter camping, swift-water canoeing
Web site URL: http://therucksack.tripod.com • E-mail: mneiger@hotmail.com
Contents copyright © 1984-2007 by Michael A. Neiger • All rights reserved.


Alaskan cable crossing

Michael Neiger
uses a fixed cable
to cross swiftly flowing
glacial meltwater in the
Alaskan backcountry.



Bush skills

By Michael A. Neiger
Copyright 2002

Last updated on July 28, 2008

Contents of page

   Trail building and maintenance
         Hiking trails
         Mountain bike trails
         Cross-country ski trails
      Trail tool vendors

Looking for
wilderness tripping
equipment and
For 100's of sources for wilderness tripping equipment and supplies, visit the sources for gear page on this Web site.

Need help
finding a book?
Trying to buy a new or used copy of a book, but can't locate one? Want to find a library somewhere in the country that will lend you the book at no cost? Then visit the handy book finder page on this Web site.

a book, catalog,
or Web site.
If you know of a useful outdoor-related book, catalog, or Web site not listed on this Web site, e-mail the book's title, subtitle, author, publisher, date of publication, and short description; or the catalog's address and phone number; or the Web site's URL to Michael Neiger at mneiger@hotmail.com.

** Recommended



Blazing the Way
   North Country Trail

San Gabriel Mountains Trailbuilders (SGMTB)

Trail Building

Trail Building and Maintenance
   International Mountain Bicycling Association

Trail Resources--Bibliography
   Trails and Greenways Clearinghouse
   Select "technical assistance" and "biographical references"

Trail Design and Construction
   American Trails

Trail Maintenance and Construction Tasks, Their Hazards, and Recommended Safety Gear
   Tennessee Eastman Hiking and Canoeing Club

Trail Maintenance Glossary
   Trails to Builds

Trail Maintenance Manual, seventh edition
   Edited by Thomas Casey, John Schoen, and George Neffinger
   New York-New Jersey Trail Council

Trail Shorts--A Cursory Look at Trail Maintenance

Trail Tools
   American Hiking Society

Trails, Bridges & Boardwalks-Design and Construction
   University of Florida

Trails Primer--Glossary and Acronyms
   Trails and Greenways Clearinghouse
   Select "technical assistance" and "trails primer"

U.S.D.A. Forest Service Trail Construction Publications
   South Carolina State Trails Program

Western Trailbuilders Association




AMC Field Guide to Trail Building and Maintenance, by Robert D. Proudman (Appalachian Mountain Club, 1977)

AMC Trail Adopter's Handbook, by Thomas L. Lentz (Appalachian Mountain Club, 1997)

Appalachian Trail Design, Construction, and Maintenance, by William Birchard, Jr., Robert Proudman, Michael Dawson (Appalachian Trail Conference, 2000)

Appalachian Trail Fieldbook--A Self-Help Guide for Trail Maintainers, by William Birchard, Jr., and Robert D Proudman (Appalachian Trail Conference, 1982)

Arkansas Trails System--Maintenance Manual (Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism)

Backcountry Trail Maintenance Standards--The User Perspective, by Terence P. Conway (1997)

Backpack Trail Maintenance (U.S. Forest Service)

Best Management Practices for Erosion Control During Trail Maintenance and Construction, by John Twitchell (New Hampshire Division of Parks and Recreation, 1994)

Complete Guide to Trail Building and Maintenance, third edition, by Carl Demrow and David Salisbury (Appalachian Mountain Club Books, 1998)

Construction and Maintenance of Horse Trails in Arkansas State Parks, by Jay S. Miller (Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism, 1983)

Construction and Maintenance of Trails (Virginia Division of State Parks)

Construction Guidelines (Colorado Division of Parks and Outdoor Recreation, 1981)

Construction of Trails (National Park Service, 1937)

Design and Maintenance Guidelines for Hard Surface Trails, by Ed McBrayer (Path Foundation, 1993)

Developing Sustainable Mountain Trail Corridors, by Hugh Duffy (National Park Service, 1991)

Fences, Gates, and Bridges--A Practical Manual, by George A. Martin and Denis Boyles (Lyons Press, 1999)

Field Guide For Routine Recreation Trail Maintenance, by Ann Jewett (Washington State Department of Natural Resources, 1977)

Field Maintenance Manual (Finger Lakes Trail Conference, 1992)

Fitness Trail--Building, Signing, and Using the Trail, by Brian J. Sharkey, Arthur H. Jukkala, and Randall Herzberg (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984)

Florida Trail Manual (Florida Trail Association, 1991)

Forestry Handbook, edited by R.D. Forbes (Ronald Press Co., 1955)

Green Fact Sheet No. 2--Trail Construction and Maintenance (Scenic Hudson, Inc., 1991)

Greenways--A Guide to Planning, Design, and Development, by Charles A. Fink, Kristine Olka, and Robert M. Searns (1993)

Guide for Mountain Trail Development, by the U.S.D.A Forest Service (Colorado Mountain Trails Foundation, 1990)

Guide to Building Fitness Trails, by Judy Gill (Publishing Horizons, Inc., 1986)

Guide to Log Lean-To Construction, by the Maine Appalachian Trail Club (Appalachian Trail Conference, 1992)

Guide to Volunteer Trail Building on Public and Private Land in Texas (Texas Parks and Wildlife Dept., 1985)

Guide to Walkway Construction and Maintenance, by the New Zealand Walkway Commission (New Zealand Department of Lands and Survey, 1979)

Guidelines for Constructing Overnight Backcountry Facilities, by Stephen K. Rice, Stephen C. Fay (U.S.D.A. Forest Service, 1977)

Guidelines for Trail Crew Leaders (Missouri Department of Natural Resources)

Handbook on Trail Building and Maintenance--For National, State, and Local Natural Resource Managing Agencies, by Stephen S. Griswold (Sequoia National Park, 1996)

Hand Drilling and Breaking Rock for Wilderness Trail Maintenance, by Dale Mrkich and Jerry Oltman (U.S.D.A. Forest Service, 1984)

Handtools for Trail Work, by Richard Hallman (USDA Forest Service, 1997)

How to Build a Walking Trail (Texas Department of Health, 1998)

Indiana Trails Construction and Maintenance Manual (Indiana Department of Natural Resources, 1978)

Klamath District Trail Manual (California Trail Foundations, 1993)

Lightly on the Land--The SCA Trail-Building and Maintenance Manual, by Robert C. Birkby (Mountaineers Books, 1996)

Mountain Trail Volunteers--A Guide to Working Safely (Colorado Mountain Trails Foundation)

Nature Trails [Extension Bulletin no. 368], by D.M. Larsen and W.R. Miles (University of Minnesota Agricultural Extension Service,)

NCTA Trail Building and Maintenance Manual, by Tom Reimers

NPS Trails Management Handbook, by Lennon Hooper (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994)

Practical Trail Design, by Jaynee Levy (Ciskei Tourist and Holiday Trust, 1984)

Practices and Problems in Trail Maintenance and Construction, by Jerry Oltman (U.S. Forest Service, 1975)

Recreation Trail Maintenance, by Don Clift and Terry Graham (Washington State Department of Natural Resources, 1983)

Recreation Trails Manual (Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Parks and Recreation, 1992)

Recreational Trail Design and Construction, by David M. Rathke and Melvin J. Baughman (University of Minnesota, Extension Service, 1994)

Sign Manual (Parks Canada, 1975)

So You Want to Build a Trail?--A Guide to Developing Urban Trails, by Ken Eastin (Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism, 1991)

South Carolina Trail Planning Handbook (1983)

Standard Specifications for Construction and Maintenance of Trails (U.S.D.A. Forest Service, 1996)

Standard Trail Suspended and Suspension Bridges (SATA [Nepal, 1977)

Survey, Design, and Construction of Trail Suspension Bridges for Remote Areas (SKAT [Switzerland], 1983)

Tahoe Rim Trail--A Guide to Construction, by Frank A. Magary (Tahoe Rim Trail, 1988)

Tools of the Trail--A Bibliography of Planning, Advocating, Designing, Building, Maintaining, and Managing Trails Throughout America, by Paula Ward (American Hiking Society, 1994)

Trail and Shelter Maintenance Manual (Green Mountain Club, Inc., 1993)

Trail Building and Maintenance, by Robert D. Proudman and Reuben Rajala (Appalachian Mountain Club Books, 1981)

Trail Construction and Maintenance, with special reference to the Appalachian Trail (Potomac Appalachian Trail Club, 1929)

Trail Construction and Maintenance Notebook, by Woody Hesslbarth and Brian Vachowski (U.S.D.S Forest Service, 2000)

Trail Construction for People With Disabilities (F.M.C.B.C. [B.C.], 1981)

Trail Construction for the Disabled (F.M.C.B.C. [B.C.], 1981)

Trail Construction Guidelines (Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, 1978)

Trail Construction Manual (Tennessee Dept. of Conservation, 1978)

Trail Construction on the National Forests, by the U.S.D.A. Forest Service (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1923)

Trail Design, Construction, and Maintenance, by Robert D. Proudman and William Birchard, Jr. (Appalachian Trail Conference, 1981)

Trail Deterioration and Maintenance (U.S.D.A. Forest Service, 1980)

Trail Maintenance Manual (New York New Jersey Trail Conference, 1990)

Trail Maintenance Standards--Mount Rainier National Park, by John Dalle-Molle (1978)

Trails Management Handbook [FSH 2309.18] (U.S.D.A. Forest Service, 1991)

Trail Manual--A Manual for the Maintenance and Operation of Trails in the East Bay Regional Park District, by Rachel McDonald and Sally Cahill (East Bay [Oakland California] Regional Park District, 1995)

Trail Manual (Parks Canada, 1978)

Trail Manual for the Appalachian Trail, No. 1 (Appalachian Trail Conference, 1966)

Trail Planning and Layout, by B. L. Ashbaugh and R. F. Holmes (National Audobon Society, 1967)

Trail Planning, Construction, and Maintenance--A Bibliography, Jean Albrecht and Timothy B. Knoop (University of Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station, 1984)

Trail Standards (British Columbia Dept. of Recreation and Conservation, 1975)

Trails Design and Management Handbook, by Troy S. Parker (Pitkin County Open Space and Trails Program)

Trails for All the People, by Robert L. Thayer, Jr. (Colorado Division of Game, Fish, and Parks)

Trails for the Twenty-First Century--Planning, Design, and Management Manual for Multi-Use Trails, second edition, by Charles A. Flink, Kristine Olka, and Robert M. Searns (2001)

Trails Handbook, by the U.S.D.A. Forest Service (U.S. Government Printing Office)

Trails Manual, by Charles Vogel (Equestrain Trails, 1968)

Trails South, by the U.S.D.A. Forest Service (Southern Region)

Work Skills Manual (Student Conservation Association, 1994)




Crib Walls for Mountain Bike Trails [Recreation Tech Tips] (U.S.D.A. Forest Service, 1992)

Mountain Bike Accessories for Trail Work, by Brian Vachowski (U.S.D.A. Forest Service, 1998)

Mountain Bike Trails--Techniques for Design, Construction, and Maintenance (Bikecentennial, 1993)

Trail Care Crew--Trail Building Clinic, by Jan Riter and Mike Riter (International Mountain Bicycle Association)

Trail Development and Construction for Mountain Bicycling--A Collection of Resources, by Gary Sprung (International Mountain Bicycling Association, 1995)




Cross-Country Close to Home--A X-C Skiing Development Manual (Ski Industries America, Nordic International Group, 1989)

Cross-Country Ski Trails--A Guide to Their Design and Management, by Paul F Rasmussen, Gary R. Clay, and Stuart N. Spetzner (Northern Illinois Planning Commission, 1979)

Cross-Country Ski Trails--A Starter Manual, by Stanton Allaben and Howard Peterson (U.S. Ski Association)

Cross-Country Ski Trail and Facility Design Manual, by Mike Exall (Cross Country Ontario, 1987)

Cross-Country Ski Trail and Facility Development--Construction and Maintenance Manual (Canadian Ski Association, Cross Country B.C., 1987)

Guide to Vermont Ski Trail Construction and Management, by Glen M. Wood, Paul Winkelarr, and John J. Lindsay (Agricultural Experiment Station, 1973)




Ben Meadows Company

Forestry Supplies, Inc.


Madsen's Shop and Supply, Inc.
   Rock busting tools

Rockhart Signs and Markers
   Trail markers

Trail Services

Walter C. May Company
   Power tools

Zac Tools
   (Out of business)

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In God's wilderness lies the hope of the world,
the great, fresh, unblighted, unredeemed wilderness.
— John Muir 1838-1914, Alaska Wilderness, 1890

Content Copyright © by Michael A. Neiger
All rights reserved.
Comments? Suggestions? Dead links? Inaccurate info?
Contact the WebMaster at mneiger@hotmail.com